When All Else Fails . . . . Would You Know What To Do?

Know how to tell if a swimmer is in distress or is drowning – they need immediate help!

  • A swimmer in distress may still try to swim but makes little or no forward progress, and soon become a drowning victim
  • An active drowning victim may be:
    • Vertical in the water, but unable to move forward or tread water.
    • Pressing down with their arms at the side to attempt to push the head above the water
  • An inactive drowning victim is motionless on the surface or bottom of the water.

Responding to a Drowning

  • If a child is missing, check the water first
  • If you are alone with the victim
    Immediately remove the victim from the water
  • If someone is nearby, yell for help to call 9-1-1 while you remove the victim from the water and begin CPR with rescue breaths
  • If you are alone, and the victim is a child, and you know CPR with rescue breaths, begin CPR for 2 minutes, then call 9-1-1
  • If you do not know CPR, call 9-1-1 and they will instruct you once they dispatch EMS

Don’t wait for an emergency to happen, be prepared now, learn CPR

Adult CPR
(13 years and older)

Hand Position

Two hands in center of chest
(on lower half of sternum)

Chest Compressions

At least 2 inches

Rescue Breaths

Until the chest clearly rises
(about 1 second per breath)

Cycle

30 compressions and 2 rescue breaths

Rate

30 chest compressions in about 18 seconds
(at least 100 compressions per minute)

Child CPR
(1 to 12 years old)

Hand Position

Two hands in center of chest
(on lower half of sternum)

Chest Compressions

About 2 inches

Rescue Breaths

Until the chest clearly rises
(about 1 second per breath)

Cycle

30 compressions and 2 rescue breaths

Rate

30 chest compressions in about 18 seconds
(at least 100 compressions per minute)

Infant CPR
(younger than 12 months)

Hand Position

Two or three fingers in center of chest
(on lower half of sternum, just below nipple line)

Chest Compressions

About 1 ½ inches

Rescue Breaths

Until the chest clearly rises
(about 1 second per breath)

Cycle

30 compressions and 2 rescue breaths

Rate

30 chest compressions in about 18 seconds
(at least 100 compressions per minute)