According to the American Red Cross water competency is influenced by conditions of the aquatic environment in which the person may be introduced:
1. Entry with total submersion.
2. Recovery to the surface and remain there for at least one minute floating or treading.
3. Orientation – position to be able to turn full circle and orient to the exit.
4. Propulsion – level off and move on front and or back position for at least 25 yards.
5. Exit from the water.