Swim Competency

According to the American Red Cross water competency is influenced by conditions of the aquatic environment in which the person may be introduced:


Demonstration of skills in one aquatic environment (ex: swimming pool) may not transfer to another (ex: ocean). Water competency includes more than swimming ability.
Swim tests can be used to determine if a person has the minimum level of swimming ability required to participate safely in activities, such as swimming in deep water, riding a slide, or jumping off a diving board.

The American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council Defines Water Competency:

1. Entry with total submersion.

2. Recovery to the surface and remain there for at least one minute floating or treading.

3. Orientation – position to be able to turn full circle and orient to the exit.

4. Propulsion – level off and move on front and or back position for at least 25 yards.

5. Exit from the water.